PROTO-POLYNESIAN ETYMOLOGIES
*Mako [Proto Polynesian]
A generic name for trees primarily belonging to the Tiliaceae (linden family), including Trichospermum richii (Tiliaceae).
From PROTO OCEANIC *maRako, Trichospermum richii , (Tiliaceae),
through PROTO CENTRAL PACIFIC *mako, Trichospermum peekelii, (Tiliaceae), and
PROTO POLYNESIAN *mako, Trichospermum spp, and other trees mainly within the Tiliaceae.

Proto Polynesian: *Mako Trees mostly with leaves or qualities reminiscent of Trichospermum richii.
REFLEXES IN SOME POLYNESIAN LANGUAGES:
Tongan: Mako (Melochia aristata, Steruliaceae).
Samoan: Ma'o (Melochia aristata, M. odorata, & Commersonia bartramia, Steruliaceae, & Trichospermum richii, Tiliaceae).
Tahitian: Ma'o (Melochia aristata, Commersonia bartramia, & Commersonia echinata, Steruliaceae)
Hawaiian: Ma'o (Abutilon incanum & Gossypium hirsutum, Malvaceae)
Maori: Mako, Makomako (Aristotelia serrata, "Makomako, Wineberry", Elaeocarpaceae)

Tapa-Samoa
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(Plant photograph to come)
Tapa-Samoa
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(Plant photograph to come)

COGNATE REFLEXES IN SOME OTHER AUSTRONESIAN LANGUAGES
Kwara'e (Southeast Solomons): Mala'o (Trichospermum peekelii, Tiliaceae)
Bauan Fijian: Mako (Trichospermum richii, Tiliaceae)


The Trichospermums are trees growing 10-20 m in height, with richly scented flowers and easily peeled bark which can be used for a variety of purposes, from tying or carrying bundles to temporary roofing. The wood burns readily and is excellent material for fireplows.

Other tree species which have been accorded this name share some or all of these qualities and are generally reminiscent of each other, even though they belong to several different botanical families, which has probably earned them their names. In botanical terms, the New Zealand Makomako belongs to a family (Elaeocarpaceae) sometimes incorporated by botanists in the Tiliaceae, and in general appearance it is similar to some of its tropical namesakes.


Sunset-Tiapapata
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(Reserved for a different picture!)
Kauri+Text
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(Reserved for a different picture!)
Further information : (See Bibliography).
Photographs: (Te Māra Reo, RB.)

Te Mära Reo, c/o Benton Family Trust, "Tumanako", RD 1, Taupiri, Waikato 3791, Aotearoa / New Zealand. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 New Zealand License