PROTO-POLYNESIAN ETYMOLOGIES
*Kulu
Artocarpus edulis , "Breadfruit" (Moraceae).
Tui
From PROTO MALAYO-POLYNESIAN *kuluR, Artocarpus altilis , "Breadfruit" (Moraceae).
through PROTO OCEANIC *kulur, Artocarpus altilis.

Proto Nuclear Polynesian: *Kulu
REFLEXES IN SOME POLYNESIAN LANGUAGES:
Samoan: 'ulu (Artocarpus altilis, "Breadfruit", Moraceae)
Marquesan: Ku'uvahake, ku'uvahane (Varieties of Artocarpus altilis)
Hawaiian: 'ulu (Artocarpus altilis)
Tahitian: 'uru (Artocarpus altilis)
Tuamotuan: Kuru (Artocarpus altilis)
Maori: Kuru, A sheltering fruit tree which grew in Hawaiki, thought to have been Artocarpus altilis.

Artocarpus alitlis

(Above) Fruit and leaves of kulu (Breadfruit)
(Right) Grove of Artocarpus altilis (Breadfruit)
Honolulu, Hawaii
Altocarpus altilis

COGNATE REFLEXES IN SOME OTHER AUSTRONESIAN LANGUAGES
Malay and Javanese: Kulur (Seed-bearing varieties of Artocarpus altilis, "Breadfruit", Moraceae)
Mussau (Admiralty Islands, PNG): Ulu (Artocarpus altilis)
Wayan Fijian: Kulu (Artocarpus altilis)

Words derived from Proto Malayo Polynesian *kuluR, like the breadfruit itself, are used in many parts of Southeast Asia and Polynesia. However they are absent in Philippine languages, where the most common term is rimas. In some Vanuatu, Micronesian and Polynesian languages "breadfruit" is denoted by words inherited from Proto Remote Oceanic *maRi; these include the Tongan and Marquesan words, mei.

Watch this space for more information about this amazing tree and food crop!

Breadfruit-Apia
Kulu (Artocarpus altilis), Apia, Samoa
Kauri+Text
...
Further information: There is a very comprehensive discussion of words denoting breadfruit in Oceanic languages, as well as information about the tree and its fruit, in The Lexicon of Proto Oceanic, Volume 3 (see Bibliography).
Photographs: (R.B.)

Te Mära Reo, c/o Benton Family Trust, "Tumanako", RD 1, Taupiri, Waikato 3791, Aotearoa / New Zealand. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 New Zealand License